اقامة ورشة عمل حول موضوع كيفية الحصول على الدعم المالي لتطوير المؤسسات التعليمية              دورة تطويرية للموظفين حول استعمال الحاسبة              مشاركة كلية الطب في مؤتمر طب بغداد              لقاء مع طلبة المرحلة الاولى              عميد كلية الطب يشارك في ورشة العمل التي اقامها اتحاد الجامعات العربية

 منهاج المرحلة الثانية
 

 Curriculum of Second Year

المنهاج الدراسي للمرحلة الثانية 

 تنسيق ا.م.د.زينة محمد حسن

 مادة التشريح Anatomy

Second year

 

- The Triangles of the Neck

            - Posterior triangle of the neck

            -Anterior Triangle of the Neck

- Digastric triangle

- Carotid triangle

- Muscular triangle

- Infrahyoid muscles

-Main Arteries of the Neck

-Main Veins of the Neck

-Main Lymph nodes of the Neck

- Main Nerves of the Neck

-Cervical of the Sympathetic Trunk  Part   

-Cervical Plexus

            -Viscera of the Neck

-The Root of the Neck

-Thoracic Duct

-Lymph Drainage of the Head and  Neck

-The Head

-The Scalp and its structure

-Muscles of the scalp

-Sensory nerve supply of the scalp

-Arterial supply of the scalp

-Venous drainage of the scalp

-Lymph drainage of the scalp

- The Face

            -Skin of the face

            -Sensory nerves of the face

            -Arterial supply of the face

-Venous drainage and its branches

            -Lymph drainage of the face

            -Bones of the face

            -Muscle of the face (muscles of   the facial expression)

-The Parotid Region

            -Parotid gland

-Blood supply, lymph supply, and  nerve supply of the gland.

            -Muscles of Mastication

-The Temporal and infratemporal  Fossae

-Contents of the temporal fossa

-Contents of the infratemporal fossa

            -Temporomandibular Joint

-The submandibular region

-Muscles of the submandibular region

-Salivary glands

            -Submandibular gland

-Sublingual gland

-Nerves of the submandibular  regions

-Blood vessels of the submandibular  region

-The Skull

            -Composition

            -Anterior view of the skull

            -Lateral view of the skull

            -Posterior view of the skull

            -Superior view of the skull

            -Inferior view of the skull

            -Neonatal skull

-The cranial cavity

-Vault of the skull

-Interior of the base of the skull

-The meninges

-The venous blood sinuses

-Hypophysis cerebri

The Spinal Cord

            - Protection and coverings.

            - Meninges of the spinal cord.

- Gross appearance of the spinal cord.

            - Structure of the spinal cord:

- The gray commmissure and the  central canal.

- The white mater and its structure.

- The ascending tracts of the spinal  cord and their anatomical  organization.

- the function of the ascending tracts.

- Other ascending Pathways

- The descending tract of the spinal  cord and their anatomical  organization.

- Function of the descending tracts.

            - Descending autonomic fibers.

            - Intersegmental tracts.

            - Reflex arc.

            - Dermatome

The Brain

            - Cranial meninges.

            - Venous blood sinuses.

            - The brainstem.

- Gross appearance of the medulla oblongata.

 

- Gross appearance of the pons.

- Internal Structure of the Pons.

- Gross Appearance of the Midbrain.

- The Internal Structure of the  Midbrain.

- Gross Appearance of the cerebellum.

            - Structure of the Cerebellum.

- Functional Areas of the Cerebellar Cortex

            - Intracerebellar Nuclei.

- Cerebrum and its subdivisions.

- Diencephalon and its gross features.

- Thalamus and its subdivisions.

            - Nuclei of the thalamus.

            - other nuclei of the thalamus.

- subthalamus

            - Epithalamus.

            - Hypothalamus.

            - Hypothalamic nuclei.

- Relations of the hypothalamus.

            - Third ventricle.

            - General appearance of the cerebral hemispheres.

- Internal structure of the cerebral  hemisphere.

- Basal nuclei.

            - White matter of the cerebral  hemispheres.     

            - Ventricles of the brain.

            - Blood supply of the brain.

            - Circle of Willis.

            - Veins of the brain.

 

- Cranial nerves

                        - Olfactory nerve

                        - Optic nerve.

                        - Oculomotor nerve.

                        - Trochlear nerve.

                        - Trigeminal nerve.

                        - Abducent nerve.

- Vestibulocochlear nerve.

- Glossopharyngeal nerve.

                        - Vagus nerve.

                        - Accessory nerve.

                        - Hypoglossal nerve.

 

Functional area of the cerebral  cortex.

            - Autonomic nervous system.

            - Brain injury.

-Revision and examination.

- Structure of the abdominal walls

- Structure of the anterior abdominal  wall.

- Function of the anterior abdominal  wall.

            - Fascia transversalis.

- Extraperitoneal fat and the parietal  peritoneum.

- Nerves of the anterior abdominal  wall.

- Arteries of the anterior abdominal  wall. 

- Veins of the anterior abdominal wall.

- Lymph drainage of the anterior  abdominal wall

- Inguinal canal

            - Femoral sheath and canal.

            - Male external genital organs.

            - Scrotum.

            - Testis.

            - Epididymis.

            - Blood supply of the testis and    epididymis.

- Lymph drainage of the testis and epididymis.

            - Penis.

- Dorsal vessels and nerves of the  penis.

- Structure of the posterior abdominal  wall.

- Fascial lining of the anterior abdominal wall.

The Abdominal Cavity

            - Peritoneum.

- Intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal  relationships.

- Peritoneal ligament, Omenta, and  mesenteries.

- Peritoneum as seen on transverse  section of the abdomen.

- Peritoneum as seen on sagittal  section of the abdomen.

- Nerve supply of the peritoneum.

            - Esophagus (abdominal part).

            - Gastroesophageal sphincter.

            - Stomach.

            - Blood supply of the stomach.

            - Nerve supply of the stomach.

- Small intestine

            - Duodenum.

            - Jejunum and ileum.

            - Large intestine.

- Blood supply of the gastrointestinal  tract.

            - Venous drainage.

- Accessory Organs of the Gastrointestinal Tract

            - Liver.

            - Gall Bladder.

            - Pancreas

            - Spleen.

            - Retroperitoneal space.

            - Kidneys.

            - Ureter.

            - Suprarenal glands.

- Arteries of the posterior abdominal  wall.

- Veins of the posterior abdominal  wall.

- Nerves of the posterior abdominal  wall.

The Pelvis      

-Basic anatomy.

- The orientation of the pelvis.

            - False pelvis.

            - True pelvis.

            - Structure of the pelvic wall.

            - Inferior wall of the pelvis.

            - Pelvic diaphragm.

            - Levator ani muscle.

            - Coccygeus muscle.

            - Pelvic fascia.

            - Nerves of the pelvis.

            - Autonomic nerves.

- Arteries of the pelvis

            - Arteries of the true pelvis

            - Veins of the pelvis.

            - Lymphatics of the pelvis.

            - Joints of the pelvis.

            - Sex differences of the pelvis.

 

- Contents of the pelvic cavity

            - Sigmoid colon.

            - Rectum.

            - Pelvic viscera of the male.

            - Ureter.

            - Urinary bladder.

            - Male genital organs.

            - Ejaculatory duct.

            - Prostate.

            - Prostatic urethra.

            - Visceral pelvic fascia.

            - Peritoneum.

- Pelvic viscera of the female

            - Female genital organs.

            - Ovaries.

            - Uterine tube.

            - Uterus.

            - Vagina.

            - Visceral pelvic fascia.

- Visceral pelvic fascia and infection.

            - Peritoneum.

            - Broad ligament and its parts and contents.

The Perineum

            - Pelvic diaphragm.

            - Anal canal.

            - Anal sphincter.

- Pudendal nerve and its branches.

- Pudendal artery and its branches.

            - Male urogenital triangle.

            - Male urethra.

            - Sphincter urethrae muscle.

            - Bulbourethral glands.

            - Female urogenital triangle.

            - Female Urethra

 

Histology

Second year

           

 

The blood tissue: Blood leukocyte: differential diagnosis, normal percentage, erythrocytes : shape, structure and  function, blood platelets: structure and function.

Myeloid tissue: General structure, erythropoesis, granulopoesis, structure and  development of blood platelets. 

Nervous tissue : Constituents of nervous tissue, neurons: structure and classification, organoids of neurons, axons and dendrites.

Nervous tissue: Supporting cells in CNS and PNS, synapses, nerve fibers, cerebrospinal and autonomic ganglia.

Cardiovascular system: Blood vessels: types of arteries, types of veins, venules, types  of capillaries, sinusoids, and arteriovenous anastomosis.

Cardiovascular system: Wall of the heart, cardiac valves, and pulse conducting system.

Lymphatic system: Lymphatic vessels, lymphatic organs, tonsils, lymph nodes, and  hemolymph nodes

Lymphatic system: Thymus, spleen: the different theories of arterio-venous  circulation, and lymphatic nodules in other non lymphatic organs.

Respiratory system: Nasal cavity, vestibular region, respiratory,  region olfactory region, larynx, and trachea.

Respiratory system: Lung: bronchi, bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveoli, interaleveolar  septum, and pleura.

Digestive system: Oral cavity, lip, tongue, lingual papillae, and esophagus.

Digestive system: Stomach: cardiac portion, fundic portion, pyloric portion, and small intestine.

Digestive system: Duodenum, jejunum, ileum, large intestine: colon, and recto anal  junction.

Digestive system: Accessory glands: liver, and pancreas.

Revision and examination

Urinary system: Unipyramidal kidney, multipyramidal kidney: general microscopic structure, nephron: portions and function.

Urinary system: Guxtaglomerular complex: portions and function, ureter, urinary bladder, and urethra.

Endocrine system: Pituitary gland: embryonic origin, adenohypophysis and endocrine   cell types, neurohypophysis, hypothalamic portion.  

Endocrine system: Thyroid gland: structure and function, adrenal gland: structure and function, parathyroid gland: structure and function, endocrine cells in other  organs

Male reproductive system: Histological structure of testis, seminiferous tubules,   spermatozoa development, adult spermatozoa, interstitial cells.  

Male reproductive system: Epididymis, ductus deferens, prostate gland, vesicular gland, bulbourethral gland.

Male reproductive system: Penis and spermatic cord.

Female reproductive system: Histological structure of ovary, and ovarian follicle development.

Female reproductive system: Ovulation, corpus luteum and function oviduct portions. 

Female reproductive system: Histological structure of uterus, cyclic changes in the endometrium, cervix, vagina, mammary gland and functional conditions.

Sensory organs: Eye:  histological structure: cornea, sclera, choroid, ciliary body, iris, retina, eyelid.

Sensory organs: Ear: histological structure of internal ear: osseous labyrinth,  membranous labyrinth, cochlear duct, organ of corti.  

Skin: Epidermis, dermis, hair follicles: structure, classification, and arrangement.

Skin: Skin glands: sebaceous gland, sweat glands, arrector pili muscle, Nail.

Revision and examination

 

 

Embryology

Second year

Gametogenesis: Cell divisions leading to mature ova and sperms.

Ovulation, fertilization, and implantation. Ovarian and menstrual cycles.

Cleavage and blastocyst formation, appearance and distribution of mesoderm.

Fate of trophoblast, the early placenta, the fate of inner cell mass.

Formation of notochord, neural tube and crest, growth of amnion.

Fate of ectodermal germ layer.

Fate of mesodermal germ layer.

Fate of endodermal germ layer, effect of folding on gut and body.

Major changes from third month to birth. Fetal membrance and placenta.

Teratogenic agents: Examples of toxic effects at sensitive or critical age.

Development of muscles, fate of somites.

Development of cartilage and bones. The limb buds.

Kidneys: fate of pro-, meso-, and metanephros. Ascent of kidneys.

Ureter, urinary bladder, urachus and fate of umbilical vessels.

Primitive testis, ovary: cell migration from wall of yolk sac.

Descent of gonads, fate of mesonephric and paramesonephric ducts.

External genitalia of male and female.

CVS: Formation of the heart tube, its foldings and divisions.

Cardic septa and chamber formation.

Big vessels.

Fetal circulation and changes after birth.

GIT: Elongation and rotation of primitive gut. Foregut, liver and pancreas.

Midgut: Parts and rotation to final position.

Hindgut: Cloaca and urorectal septum, the fate of the area.

Pharyngeal arches: The first arch, nose and upper lip.

Fate of other arches, the respiratory divertaculum, thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus.

CNS: changes in the neural tube, brain vesicles and flexures.

Sensory and motor nuclei, cranial and spinal nerves, meninges.

Skin, hair, mammary gland.

 

Biochemistry

Second year

 

Enzyme

Structure of enzyme

Factors affecting the rate of enzyme reaction

The fat soluble vitamins

The water soluble vitamins

metabolism of carbohydrates

Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

Diabetes mellitus

Diagnosis of Diabetes mellitus

Lipid metabolism

Digestion and absorption of lipids

Lipoprotein  metabolism

Mechanism of detoxification

Free radicals

Clinical enzymology

liver function test

kidney function test

Tumor markers

Amino acid classification

Catabolism of amino acid

ammonia formation

Urea cycle

Disorders  of amino acid

Conversion of amino acid in to special products .

Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates

Digestion of protein

Digestion of fats

metabolism of minerals and trace elements

Ca ,   Fe  ,   Cu ,   Zn  , Se ,  Mn  , Mo  , Cr

Biochemistry of hormones

Catecholamine

Thyroid hormones

Hypothalamic and posterior pit. Hormones

Anterior pit. Hormones

PTH calacitonine ,insulin glucagons

The biochemistry of cancer cells

Nucleic  acid metabolism

Hyperuricamia and gout disease

Protein synthesis and genetic code

Protein synthesis,

biochemical mutations

Porphyrin  metabolism and porphyrin disorder Enzyme specificity

Cancer and diet

antioxidant

Physiology

Second year

 

cell physiology

blood physiology

Body fluids

Cardio vascular system

Endocrine and Reproduction

Cardio vascular system

Blood + Immunity

Cellular communication

Renal physiology

Acid- base balance

Endocrine

Connective tissue

Nerve and muscles

Respiratory system

G.I.T Physiology

Autonomic nervous system

Central nervous system

 

 


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